In the history of the development of water supply systems of Roman aqueducts have a special place. Their extant remains indicate not only the Majesty and power of Ancient Rome, but also about the ancient world to the highest level of development of engineering thought.
The largest city of the ancient (by modern estimates, in the period of the Empire its population was from 600 thousand to 2 million people), also located in the hills, could not have developed water supply system. In it there were 11 aqueducts. First is Appies, named in honour of directing this project censor, Appius Claudius, was built in 312 BC and had a length of over 16 kilometers. The second aqueduct, built 40 years later, had a length of 70 kilometers! Same size there was also a third, Marziev, water. The total length of the Roman aqueducts was 436 km, 55 km – bridge structures. They delivered to the city, famous for its fountains and baths (Terme), from 700 thousand to 1 million cubic meters of water per day (according to some estimates – up to 1.5 million cubic meters). Such a large consumption of water may seem prohibitive, but you need to keep in mind that the ancient Romans did not know of valves, and the water in the system flowed continuously, obespechivayut sewage. Continue reading
Grandiose and carefully designed Gothic Cathedral on the main square of Milan, Duomo di Milano, or simply Milan Cathedral — one of the most famous buildings in Europe. This is one of the biggest Gothic, and the second largest Catholic Cathedral in the world.
As often happens, the Milan Cathedral was built on the place where before him for several centuries has housed two of the Basilica. In 1075 year they were both destroyed by fire, in their place, it was decided to build the Duomo
The work has just begun in 1386, work continued for several centuries. The main spire was topped in 1762 with a statue of the Madonna, which was devoted to construction. The main volume of construction works was largely completed in 1880 Continue reading
Despite the fact that Ukraine is mostly an Orthodox country, digging deeper, you can see that its Catholic heritage and not so poor. In Ukraine there are more than 800 churches, which divided between the six Catholic dioceses, namely: Lutsk, Mukachevo, Kamyanets-Podilsky, Kyiv-Zhytomyr, Kharkiv and Zaporizhia and Odessa-Simferopol.
The word “Church” comes from the Polish castellum (strengthening). In Ukrainian, Polish, Belarusian, Slovak, and Silesian languages (Polish-Czech dialect) the word “Church” means a Christian Church, but is not used in Orthodox and Greek Catholic churches. In Czech language word used in respect to churches of all Christian denominations. Continue reading