The oldest stories on Earth tell us that humanity originated in one place and settled on the planet after happy lost his ancestral home. Different cultures call it differently: Hellenistic biblical Paradise or Eden. Modern scientists arguing about where was the first center of civilization, from stretched filaments of consanguinity linking the most remote peoples. Called Central Africa, and even Asia. To The Extreme North. However, in the main, researchers agree that the culture of antiquity is similar to the flames, as if blown by the wind to different parts of the Earth from one fire.
The main part of time in history every civilization has focused its attention on the development of certain areas of culture. So, the Romans created the most perfect law, which formed the basis of modern law. None of the administrative apparatus in the world could not compete with the extensive bureaucratic hierarchy of China. For a long time, astronomical calculations of the Maya had no equal among the peoples of the Old world. The nomadic tribes of the great steppe has created an outstanding movement system, allowing in the shortest possible time to throw masses of people and livestock over long distances. No civilization has tried to cover all areas of life at once. But it was not always so. Continue reading
After the collapse of the tribal relations, the population of the earth began to settle on completely different principle – territorial. Thus, the first towns began to be laid and constructed in the period of antiquity. Many of them survived to our times.
Cities with millennial history can surprise you much more than just beautiful architecture and unique artifacts. They are the fingerprints of previous eras and civilizations and they are a reflection of both positive and negative events of mankind. This city is full of amazing stories and legends and are the largest lures for experienced researchers. Let’s look at cities that are almost as old as the hills on which they were built.
1. Petra in Jordan
In the ancient city of Petra was the capital of the Hashemite state created by the Arab tribe. Find stone miracle in the desert near the resort of Aqaba.
To explore all its attractions will take about 4 hours, during which you will have to overcome the way in 10 km. The tour starts with the entrance of a narrow gorge, the output of which rest meets the building of the El-Khazneh. Continue reading
India can be considered the third time a great civilization appeared on Earth (after Egypt and Mesopotamia ). But I immediately had to amend this statement, because in reality it is possible that it is the most ancient of civilizations, its study has just begun. As you probably already understood that civilization begin in the mouths of great rivers. In this case the Indus river (and the river luni, which is now lost in the Sands, and in those days formed a very powerful mouth and fell into the Indian ocean). And not only the Indus and the luni. This area is called Punjab – five rivers, once flowed here, three major rivers, from which there would be little.
By the way, the Indus was called actually Sindhu, but the Persians, from whom we learned about the existence of India, are unable to pronounce “with” in the beginning and started calling it “Hindu”. Greeks, taking the word from the Persians, and did cut it down to Indus. Continue reading