In the history of the development of water supply systems of Roman aqueducts have a special place. Their extant remains indicate not only the Majesty and power of Ancient Rome, but also about the ancient world to the highest level of development of engineering thought.
The largest city of the ancient (by modern estimates, in the period of the Empire its population was from 600 thousand to 2 million people), also located in the hills, could not have developed water supply system. In it there were 11 aqueducts. First is Appies, named in honour of directing this project censor, Appius Claudius, was built in 312 BC and had a length of over 16 kilometers. The second aqueduct, built 40 years later, had a length of 70 kilometers! Same size there was also a third, Marziev, water. The total length of the Roman aqueducts was 436 km, 55 km – bridge structures. They delivered to the city, famous for its fountains and baths (Terme), from 700 thousand to 1 million cubic meters of water per day (according to some estimates – up to 1.5 million cubic meters). Such a large consumption of water may seem prohibitive, but you need to keep in mind that the ancient Romans did not know of valves, and the water in the system flowed continuously, obespechivayut sewage. Continue reading
Despite the fact that Ukraine is mostly an Orthodox country, digging deeper, you can see that its Catholic heritage and not so poor. In Ukraine there are more than 800 churches, which divided between the six Catholic dioceses, namely: Lutsk, Mukachevo, Kamyanets-Podilsky, Kyiv-Zhytomyr, Kharkiv and Zaporizhia and Odessa-Simferopol.
The word “Church” comes from the Polish castellum (strengthening). In Ukrainian, Polish, Belarusian, Slovak, and Silesian languages (Polish-Czech dialect) the word “Church” means a Christian Church, but is not used in Orthodox and Greek Catholic churches. In Czech language word used in respect to churches of all Christian denominations. Continue reading
The first Cathedral, dedicated to Saint Martin in Utrecht was built in the VI century. Where exactly was located in the city’s Cathedral, is unknown, and he was quickly destroyed in the wars. Several buildings have succeeded each other before in the XII century began the construction of the present St. Martin’s Cathedral – the Duomo. Cathedral Domkerk (Domkerk) in Utrecht was, probably, quite majestic, if there was a full. But one tower (1382, height 110 m) very powerfully above the city flies, specifically rises and forms the image of the city.
Dome Cathedral of St. Martin in the city of Utrecht is one of the Gothic cathedrals of the Netherlands. First built choruses, and for those over 60 years – the famous tower. The tower became the symbol of the city.
To the top (465 steps) you can climb, to see 50 of the bells (the largest Carillon of Europe, made by Hemony in the XVII century, the largest bell was 9.8 tonnes and a diameter of 2.7 m), and the top in good weather and with binoculars to see one side of the roof of the Amsterdam Arena and the bell tower of ‘ s-Hertogenbosch! That is, Continue reading