The tallest skyscraper in the world
The “tower of Khalifa” (Burj Khalifa, Burj Khalifa ; previously - “Burj Dubai” (Burj Dubai), or “Dubai tower”) is the tallest skyscraper in the world . the height of 828…

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Underground architectural construction in Russia: review and experience inventory
1. The inventory of artificial caves and underground architectural structures for the CIS and Baltic States (former USSR). Russian Society Spelestological Research (ROSI) is working on the Inventory of artificial…

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The tallest skyscraper in the world

The “tower of Khalifa” (Burj Khalifa, Burj Khalifa ; previously – “Burj Dubai” (Burj Dubai), or “Dubai tower”) is the tallest skyscraper in the world . the height of 828 meters, 162 floors.

Dubai skyscraper-stalagmite has built up over 5 years. The construction of the skyscraper began in 2004 and was at a speed of 1-2 floors per week. The official opening of the tallest building on the planet, which was held on 4 January 2010, was watched by almost 2 billion people.

The “Tower Of Khalifa” Burj Khalifa (Burj Khalifa). Dubai

(increase. 2001×3888, 1,09 MB). Photo: Poco a poco

Burj Khalifa was named after the incumbent President of the United Arab Emirates (UAE; UAE) Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed al-Nahyan.

Dubai is known for its ambitious development projects (the archipelago of The World, the Palm, the beautiful ”sail” Burj al-Arab. “wave” – Jumeirah Beach Hotel. the Dubai fountain (the Dubai Fountain is located near Burj Khalifa), and many others…). The “tower of Khalifa” – the crown of this “architectural collection.”

Wysokinski. The highest buildings in the world

Skyscraper (English. skyscraper ; in Russian “the skyscraper” or “skyscraper”, “tower”) is a free standing building (structure) intended for the life and work of people and having a height not less than 150 meters. If the skyscraper above 300 m, it is ultra high.

Luxury apartments in the Tower “Khalifa” are in great demand. The only skyscraper with internal area of 344000 sq. m. is 1,000 apartments, offices, hotel.

3 days after the opening of the tallest skyscraper in the world Burj Khalifa in Dubai opened the highest hotel in the world – Rose Rayhaan (333 meters, 72 floors), Burj Al Arab “resting”.

The “tower of Khalifa” is another plank in conquering height. Before Burj Khalifa the world’s tallest skyscraper (skyscraper) was considered to be the Taipei 101 (Taipei 101 is located in the capital of Taiwan, Taipei). The height of Taipei 101 with a spire 509,2 meters, 101 floors; year of construction – 2004. The Taipei skyscraper roof – is 449,2 M.

Taipei 101 (Taipei 101) – the world’s tallest skyscraper from 2004 to 2007. Taiwan

(increase. 500×1003, 388 KB). Photo: Wikipedia

Without antenna American 110-storey Willis tower (Willis Tower; up to 2009 bore the name “Sears tower”, the Sears Tower; Chicago, USA) below the skyscraper “Taipei 101” at 6 meters (443,2 m). But with the antenna (spire) – above 18.1 m (527,3 m).

Willis tower, Willis Tower. Chicago, USA.

The tallest structure in the world until the construction of Burj Khalifa was teleradiology KVLY-TV (city of Blanchard, North Dakota, USA). Teleradiology the height of the KVLY-TV (formerly KTHI-TV) – 628,8 meters.

Teleradiology KVLY – the tallest building in the world from 1963-1974, 1991-2008. Photo: Ratsbew

… And let’s list the highest buildings on Earth . Our journey through time will start with 2540 BC

The highest structure on Earth

The highest buildings of their time…

… About 2540 BC (the date is not precisely known postrace) in Egypt there was an amazing construction – the Pyramid of Cheops (Khufu; Pyramid of Cheops, Pyramid of Khufu). The great Pyramid of Cheops – the only one of the old “Seven wonders of the world ” (and you are aware of the new wonders of the world. ), preserved to our days. The original height of the Pyramid – 146,60 meters (today – 138,75 m).

The pyramid of Cheops is the tallest building in ancient times. Photo: BBC

I note another Wonder of the world – Faroese lighthouse (or lighthouse of Alexandria; the Lighthouse of Alexandria). Faroese lighthouse had a height of 135 metres (there are also more large numbers, for example, 160 m), was built in the 3rd century BC In the year 796 ad, was destroyed by an earthquake.

Only in 1311 in the city of Lincoln (Lincoln; England) built Lincoln the virgin Mary Cathedral (The Cathedral Church of the Blessed Virgin Mary of Lincoln or St. Mary’s Cathedral). Before the collapse in 1549 the Central spire 160 meter Lincoln Cathedral was the tallest building on Earth. Modern the height of Lincoln Cathedral is 83 metres.

From 1549 the palm turned to St. Olaf’s Church (est. Oleviste kirik, Tallinn, Estonia). 159 meters – the height of this Lutheran Church, built (as Lincoln Cathedral) in the Gothic style. In 1625 the spire of the Church was destroyed during the lightning strike (current height of 123.7 m).

From 1625 to 1647, the highest building in the world was St. Mary’s Church (Marienkirche; it. St.-Marien-Kirche; Stralsund, Germany) is 151 meter. In 1647 the Church spire was destroyed by lightning (current height is 104 meters).

More than 2 centuries (1647-1874 year) the tallest building in the world was the Strasbourg Cathedral (Fran. Cathédrale Notre-Dame; Strasbourg, France) is 142 meters.

From 1874-1876 – St Nicholas’s Cathedral (St. Nikolai; Hamburg, Germany) – 147,3 meters.

From 1876-1880 – Rouen Cathedral (Rouen Cathedral; Rouen, France) is 151 meter.

4 years (from 1880 to 1884) the tallest building in the world was the famous Cologne Cathedral (ger. Kölner Dom, or Hohe Domkirche St. Peter und Maria; Cologne, Germany). The height of this amazing Gothic Cathedral is 157 meters. It was built with interruptions more than 600 years (1248-1437. He 1842-1880).

Cologne Cathedral, Cologne Cathedral. Germany. Photo: Tobi 87

Fast forward to the New world… 1884-1889 year – the Washington Monument (eng. Washington Monument, Washington DC, USA), height – 169,3 meters. The weight of a granite obelisk 91 thousand tons. Project author Robert mills ( Robert Mills ).

Eiffel tower (FR. la tour Eiffel; Paris, France) with a height of 312 meters, was the tallest structure in the years 1889-1930. The height of the modern symbol of Paris is 324 metres.

… The great depression, the economic crisis in the United States… In new York, the capital of the skyscrapers of the 20th century to build the tallest buildings in the world: the 1930-1931 year – the Chrysler building (Chrysler Building; the height of 319 meters); 1931-1954 year – Empire state building (Empire State Building) – 102-the legendary story skyscraper, height 448,7 m or 1472 ft (height 443,2 m).

And then with the development of radio and television ushered in the era of towers and masts:

1954-1956 year – Oklahoma Griffin Television Tower or the tower of KWTV (Oklahoma city, Oklahoma, USA height – 480,5 m),

1956-1959 – tower KOBR-TV (Caprock, the state of new Mexico, USA; 490,7 m; collapsed in 1960),

1959-1960 – tower the wgme-TV (Portland, Maine, USA; 495 m),

1960-1962 – Raycom America Tower Cape Girardeau or the TV mast KFVS (Missouri, USA; m 511,1),

1962-1963 – WTVM TV mast or WTVM/WRBL-TV & WVRK-FM Tower (Cusseta, GA, USA; 533 m),

1963 – tower WIMZ-FM (Knoxville, Tennessee, USA; 534,01 m).

The above-mentioned teleradiology KVLY-TV (height 628,8 m) was the tallest building in the world in the period from 1963 to 1974 and from 1991 to 2008 year.

From 1974 to 1991 the tallest structure in the world was the Warsaw radio tower (Warsaw radio mast, Poland), height – 646,38 meters. On 8 August 1991 the Warsaw radio mast collapsed while replacing one of the guys.

The “tower of Khalifa” (Burj Khalifa), 2008 the building became the tallest land structure in the history of construction. The record will be broken soon…

The highest skyscrapers. Future

What awaits us in the future.

Announced a lot of projects that capture the imagination. This, for example, a 1001-meter skyscraper in Mubarak al-Kabir tower (eng. Burj Mubarak al-Kabir) in Kuwait, a 200-storey skyscraper Muryan tower (Murjan Tower) in Bahrain, the height 1022 m; 1600-meter skyscraper Mile-High Tower (”tower a mile”) is in Jeddah (Saudi Arabia).

One of the projects of the highest building on earth – the X-Seed 4000,… well you guessed it). By the way, in 1966-1969 in “cniiep them. B. S. Mezentsev” to be the highest skyscraper – the tower Nikitin – Travush 4000. Modern project “X-Seed 4000” has a lot to do with the project designer of the Ostankino TV tower N. In. Nikitin, and V. I. Travush.

And here is another interesting project of one of the tallest buildings in the world: “sky city 1000” (Sky City 1000). Place of construction – Tokyo (Japan), with a spire height of 1050 metres, number of floors – 196. The project “Sky City 1000” promise to implement in the next 20 years.

Sky city 1000 Sky City 1000.

The project is one of the tallest buildings in the world

The construction of skyscrapers, towers and structures allows not only to solve problems with housing and support society… People at all times sought to soar up towards the sky, the sun and the stars. Science does not stand still.

Researchers from York University (York University, Canada) want to create a giant modular tower height of up to 15 kilometers (!). The tower can be used for launching of space vehicles, scientific work, organization of tourist excursions.

On the subject of “ The highest building in the world “: a list of the tallest buildings in the world – as well as a list of the current tallest buildings on each continent.

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