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The Cathedral of St. Sophia in Veliky Novgorod
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Underground architectural construction in Russia: review and experience inventory

1. The inventory of artificial caves and underground architectural structures for the CIS and Baltic States (former USSR).

Russian Society Spelestological Research (ROSI) is working on the Inventory of artificial caves and underground architectural constructions on the territory of CIS and Baltic States (former USSR).

The idea of the Cadastre belongs to M. Y. Cochino. The ideology inventory was developed and added to it Dolotov, Y. A., M. U. Sokhin, A. A. Parfenov (working Group of the Inventory). The development of computer databases has made J. A. Dolotov.

Materials for Cadastre also provided: N.E. Pudovkin (Samara), K. K. Pronin, L. N. The wind, Acting Greek (Odessa), A. G. Kovalev (Kharkov), A. Bobrovsky (Kiev), and other SPELESTOLOGY. Currently information is collected about 2500 objects.

1.1. Objectives Of The Inventory.

The objectives of the project are, firstly, the study of the nature, type and distribution of artificial caves and underground architectural constructions, secondly, a definition of prospects of their finding and further study, and, thirdly, data about the existence, location and accessibility of the information of the investigated cavities.

A feature of the Cadastre is the low level of knowledge about the substrate, it is impossible to consider licenture investigated objects (“have a plan — there is a cave”), we have to include also (potential research subjects) of the cavity, only mentioned in historical documents, scientific literature and other sources. In addition, the materials of the existing studies are scattered among spelestological and for the most part not put in circulation in the absence of specialized publications.

The main objective of the Inventory is to accumulate the most complete formalized information about the objects sphere spelestological research.

1.2. The Objects Of The Inventory.

First, you must define objects that are placed in the inventory. A generally accepted definition that, in fact, studies spelestologiya, no. It is clear that the objects of its study are quite heterogeneous, and different groups of researchers understand them differently, depending on their interests. For the purposes of the Inventory it is enough to assume that the subject of study of SPELESTOLOGY are abandoned mine workings (HW) and underground architectural structures (PAS). For the last Slukin V. M. coined the term “territitory structures” [1].

Underground architectural construction — the cavity created by man for the sake of obtaining the free underground space, unlike mine workings . the cavity which is obtained as a side effect of mining.

Often used the term “artificial cave”. Its use creates a different dichotomy: artificial cave – napisannoe underground architectural construction . Table 1. Spelestological countries of the Old world.

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