Malta is a country situated on the Islands of the Maltese archipelago. The Maltese archipelago includes the inhabited Islands: Malta, Gozo (Gozo) and Comino; and a number of uninhabited tiny Islands: St. Paul island, Filfla, Cominotto, Delimara, Manoel and Mushroom rock.
Megalithic structures in Malta
The first traces of settlement of the Maltese people belong to the sixth Millennium BC and 4 in 100 BC the archipelago suddenly appears a mysterious civilization involved in the construction of strange megalithic structures, far exceeding the famous Stonehenge in scale.
This civilization lasted on Malta 2000 years and disappeared under a pressure of less developed conquerors arrived on the island with the nearby island of Sicily.
In the 8th century BC, Malta has emerged the colony of the Phoenicians and the Greeks. It was the Phoenicians gave the island its name: the word “Malta” in Phoenician means “refuge”. Until the 16th century ad, Malta was passed from one to the other conquerors.
The Maltese archipelago was successively ruled by the Persians, Carthaginians, Romans, Byzantines, Arabs, Normans and number of European Royal dynasties: Svenska, Anjou, Aragonese and Castilian. All conquerors have left their traces in the culture of Malta, Maltese language and the Maltese appearance, creating a unique European nation.
In 1530 to Malta came the famous order of the knights Hospitallers (knights), expelled the Turks from the island of Rhodes. The Holy Roman Emperor Charles V gave the knights the Maltese archipelago in the lease, rent was the one trained Falcon a year. The Hospitallers have taken root in Malta, and soon in conjunction with the local pirates began to attack the Turkish ships, which caused the righteous anger of the Ottoman Empire.
May 18, 1565, entered the world history – on this day began the “Great siege”. Within a month eight thousand of the Malta garrison repulsed attacks by 48-thousandth of the Turkish army, and, waiting with a small reinforcement of Sicily, drove the Turks from Malta and Gozo, forever closing the path to this part of the Mediterranean. Thus began the Golden age of Malta, which lasted till the conquest of the island by Napoleon Bonaparte in 1798.
Then the property of the order of St. John (has long been known under the name “Maltese”) were looted, and the order virtually ceased to exist. However, the French are freedom-loving Maltese were not to their liking, they raised a rebellion against them, supported by the British.
Malta and England
Thus, in 1814 Paris peace Malta was ceded to the British crown. From that moment the island became a base for the British fleet in the Mediterranean, and later a huge hospital for English soldiers and sailors wounded during the Crimean and First world wars.
During the Second world war Malta, being right on the front line, played a significant role in the theater of war, allowing the army to cut off Rommel in North Africa military supplies from Sicily and became the bridgehead for the offensive of the allied forces in Italy.
In 1964 Malta gained independence, and in 1979, when the island took the last British soldiers, and Malta was proclaimed a Republic and was finally released from the custody of the English crown.
One hundred and fifty years together with England have left their mark on Malta. So now in Malta it is customary to learn English.
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