India can be considered the third time a great civilization appeared on Earth (after Egypt and Mesopotamia ). But I immediately had to amend this statement, because in reality it is possible that it is the most ancient of civilizations, its study has just begun. As you probably already understood that civilization begin in the mouths of great rivers. In this case the Indus river (and the river luni, which is now lost in the Sands, and in those days formed a very powerful mouth and fell into the Indian ocean). And not only the Indus and the luni. This area is called Punjab – five rivers, once flowed here, three major rivers, from which there would be little.
By the way, the Indus was called actually Sindhu, but the Persians, from whom we learned about the existence of India, are unable to pronounce “with” in the beginning and started calling it “Hindu”. Greeks, taking the word from the Persians, and did cut it down to Indus. Continue reading
In the history of the development of water supply systems of Roman aqueducts have a special place. Their extant remains indicate not only the Majesty and power of Ancient Rome, but also about the ancient world to the highest level of development of engineering thought.
The largest city of the ancient (by modern estimates, in the period of the Empire its population was from 600 thousand to 2 million people), also located in the hills, could not have developed water supply system. In it there were 11 aqueducts. First is Appies, named in honour of directing this project censor, Appius Claudius, was built in 312 BC and had a length of over 16 kilometers. The second aqueduct, built 40 years later, had a length of 70 kilometers! Same size there was also a third, Marziev, water. The total length of the Roman aqueducts was 436 km, 55 km – bridge structures. They delivered to the city, famous for its fountains and baths (Terme), from 700 thousand to 1 million cubic meters of water per day (according to some estimates – up to 1.5 million cubic meters). Such a large consumption of water may seem prohibitive, but you need to keep in mind that the ancient Romans did not know of valves, and the water in the system flowed continuously, obespechivayut sewage. Continue reading
Grandiose and carefully designed Gothic Cathedral on the main square of Milan, Duomo di Milano, or simply Milan Cathedral — one of the most famous buildings in Europe. This is one of the biggest Gothic, and the second largest Catholic Cathedral in the world.
As often happens, the Milan Cathedral was built on the place where before him for several centuries has housed two of the Basilica. In 1075 year they were both destroyed by fire, in their place, it was decided to build the Duomo
The work has just begun in 1386, work continued for several centuries. The main spire was topped in 1762 with a statue of the Madonna, which was devoted to construction. The main volume of construction works was largely completed in 1880 Continue reading
Despite the fact that Ukraine is mostly an Orthodox country, digging deeper, you can see that its Catholic heritage and not so poor. In Ukraine there are more than 800 churches, which divided between the six Catholic dioceses, namely: Lutsk, Mukachevo, Kamyanets-Podilsky, Kyiv-Zhytomyr, Kharkiv and Zaporizhia and Odessa-Simferopol.
The word “Church” comes from the Polish castellum (strengthening). In Ukrainian, Polish, Belarusian, Slovak, and Silesian languages (Polish-Czech dialect) the word “Church” means a Christian Church, but is not used in Orthodox and Greek Catholic churches. In Czech language word used in respect to churches of all Christian denominations. Continue reading
The “tower of Khalifa” (Burj Khalifa, Burj Khalifa ; previously – “Burj Dubai” (Burj Dubai), or “Dubai tower”) is the tallest skyscraper in the world . the height of 828 meters, 162 floors.
Dubai skyscraper-stalagmite has built up over 5 years. The construction of the skyscraper began in 2004 and was at a speed of 1-2 floors per week. The official opening of the tallest building on the planet, which was held on 4 January 2010, was watched by almost 2 billion people.
The “Tower Of Khalifa” Burj Khalifa (Burj Khalifa). Dubai
(increase. 2001×3888, 1,09 MB). Photo: Poco a poco
Burj Khalifa was named after the incumbent President of the United Arab Emirates (UAE; UAE) Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed al-Nahyan.
Dubai is known for its ambitious development projects (the archipelago of The World, the Palm, the beautiful ”sail” Burj al-Arab. “wave” – Jumeirah Beach Hotel. the Dubai fountain (the Dubai Fountain is located near Burj Khalifa), and many others…). The “tower of Khalifa” – the crown of this “architectural collection.” Continue reading