The settlement of the territory of Belarus began 100 thousand years BC. One of the primitive campsites has been found in the village of Yurovichi of the Gomel region.
Polotsk was first mentioned in the ancient Slavonic chronicle the “Tale of bygone years” under the year 862. The city is located as a trading center of Slavic Krivichi traditionally for all ancient Slavic cities in the place where confluence of two rivers-sisters – the Western Dvina and the Polota river. The name comes from the name of the river Polota, which Baltic dialect means “ice, swamp, puddle”.
The first written mention of Pinsk in the Ipatiev chronicle refers to the year 1097. Until the middle of the XII century Pinsk was the city of Turov principalities, since the end of the same century – the center of independent Principality of Pinsk. In the beginning of XIV century the town is part of Grand Duchy of Lithuania. In 1521 the Great Prince on Sigismund I the Old gave the city his wife Queen bona. Continue reading
India can be considered the third time a great civilization appeared on Earth (after Egypt and Mesopotamia ). But I immediately had to amend this statement, because in reality it is possible that it is the most ancient of civilizations, its study has just begun. As you probably already understood that civilization begin in the mouths of great rivers. In this case the Indus river (and the river luni, which is now lost in the Sands, and in those days formed a very powerful mouth and fell into the Indian ocean). And not only the Indus and the luni. This area is called Punjab – five rivers, once flowed here, three major rivers, from which there would be little.
By the way, the Indus was called actually Sindhu, but the Persians, from whom we learned about the existence of India, are unable to pronounce “with” in the beginning and started calling it “Hindu”. Greeks, taking the word from the Persians, and did cut it down to Indus. Continue reading
The first Cathedral, dedicated to Saint Martin in Utrecht was built in the VI century. Where exactly was located in the city’s Cathedral, is unknown, and he was quickly destroyed in the wars. Several buildings have succeeded each other before in the XII century began the construction of the present St. Martin’s Cathedral – the Duomo. Cathedral Domkerk (Domkerk) in Utrecht was, probably, quite majestic, if there was a full. But one tower (1382, height 110 m) very powerfully above the city flies, specifically rises and forms the image of the city.
Dome Cathedral of St. Martin in the city of Utrecht is one of the Gothic cathedrals of the Netherlands. First built choruses, and for those over 60 years – the famous tower. The tower became the symbol of the city.
To the top (465 steps) you can climb, to see 50 of the bells (the largest Carillon of Europe, made by Hemony in the XVII century, the largest bell was 9.8 tonnes and a diameter of 2.7 m), and the top in good weather and with binoculars to see one side of the roof of the Amsterdam Arena and the bell tower of ‘ s-Hertogenbosch! That is, Continue reading