What is archaeology and why is it necessary?
The word "archaeology" of Greek origin, like the origin of the names of many other Sciences (history, geography, Geology). It consists of two words - arhayos (ancient) and -logos (word,…

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Baalbek — a cyclopean temple complex of the Ancient world in Lebanon
Ancient wonders of Baalbek — the legacy of biblical characters. Lebanese Arabs believe that their country is the history of the ancient city of Baalbek. The complex of temples at…

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sculpture

Gothic architecture

The Windows were inserted colored glass, depicting saints and scenes from sacred history, legends, emblems and patterns. Glasses these kind of mosaic, made of carved according to the requirements of the pattern pieces, connected together by lead strips.

The inside of Gothic churches in regard to the beauty and sublimity not inferior to their physical appearance. High space ships, visible one after the other, slender pilasters, patterned on triforia, huge Windows with curly weaves — it all makes a big impression. Lancet arc vast arches supported or not on a square massive pillars and pilasters of slender from the bundles of thin columns. Originally the pilasters were thick cylinders made of pieces of stone lying horizontally on each other; but then, for these pieces do not slide one with the other and better endured the pressure of the arches, as well as for beauty, invented to furnish pilasters with thin columns of stone monoliths, in the amount of eight: four, thicker and called “senior service columns” (alte Dienste) were placed crosswise around the pilasters; in the intervals between them were placed four more slim or “Junior service” column ( Junge Dienste). This new form of pillars connects the separate parts under the General column. The introduction of naturalistic interpreted ListView medieval ornamentation is one of the major innovations of Gothic style. Thus the imitation of nature, favoured grass and the kidneys. Continue reading

Cathedral of Milan

Grandiose and carefully designed Gothic Cathedral on the main square of Milan, Duomo di Milano, or simply Milan Cathedral — one of the most famous buildings in Europe. This is one of the biggest Gothic, and the second largest Catholic Cathedral in the world.

As often happens, the Milan Cathedral was built on the place where before him for several centuries has housed two of the Basilica. In 1075 year they were both destroyed by fire, in their place, it was decided to build the Duomo

The work has just begun in 1386, work continued for several centuries. The main spire was topped in 1762 with a statue of the Madonna, which was devoted to construction. The main volume of construction works was largely completed in 1880 Continue reading

The Cathedral Of Christ The Savior

The idea for the construction of a Grand temple, dedicated to the victory of the Russian people in the Patriotic war of 1812, was born back in those days, when the last French soldiers left Russia. But only five years later, on 12 October 1817, on the Sparrow hills, the solemn laying of the Cathedral of Christ the Savior. According to the author of the first temple, the architect A. L. Vitberg, a Church situated on the highest point of Moscow had to be visible from any point of the city.

The project of the temple of Christ the Savior foresaw the construction on Sparrow hills the monumental ensemble designed in a strict, somewhat heavy forms of Empire. The ensemble, besides the Church, consisted of a giant colonnade, slopes to the Moscow river, stone embankment. Continue reading