The Windows were inserted colored glass, depicting saints and scenes from sacred history, legends, emblems and patterns. Glasses these kind of mosaic, made of carved according to the requirements of the pattern pieces, connected together by lead strips.
The inside of Gothic churches in regard to the beauty and sublimity not inferior to their physical appearance. High space ships, visible one after the other, slender pilasters, patterned on triforia, huge Windows with curly weaves — it all makes a big impression. Lancet arc vast arches supported or not on a square massive pillars and pilasters of slender from the bundles of thin columns. Originally the pilasters were thick cylinders made of pieces of stone lying horizontally on each other; but then, for these pieces do not slide one with the other and better endured the pressure of the arches, as well as for beauty, invented to furnish pilasters with thin columns of stone monoliths, in the amount of eight: four, thicker and called “senior service columns” (alte Dienste) were placed crosswise around the pilasters; in the intervals between them were placed four more slim or “Junior service” column ( Junge Dienste). This new form of pillars connects the separate parts under the General column. The introduction of naturalistic interpreted ListView medieval ornamentation is one of the major innovations of Gothic style. Thus the imitation of nature, favoured grass and the kidneys. Continue reading
India can be considered the third time a great civilization appeared on Earth (after Egypt and Mesopotamia ). But I immediately had to amend this statement, because in reality it is possible that it is the most ancient of civilizations, its study has just begun. As you probably already understood that civilization begin in the mouths of great rivers. In this case the Indus river (and the river luni, which is now lost in the Sands, and in those days formed a very powerful mouth and fell into the Indian ocean). And not only the Indus and the luni. This area is called Punjab – five rivers, once flowed here, three major rivers, from which there would be little.
By the way, the Indus was called actually Sindhu, but the Persians, from whom we learned about the existence of India, are unable to pronounce “with” in the beginning and started calling it “Hindu”. Greeks, taking the word from the Persians, and did cut it down to Indus. Continue reading
Since ancient times, people have attributed certain localities miraculous properties, granting them with an aura of sacredness or curse. In Russia, too, found a lot of places where there are unusual and mysterious phenomena. Consider those that, from the perspective of parapsychologists, ufologists and other researchers, are included in the “top five”, and will try to analyze: what is the reason for the “anomalous”?
Medveditsky ridge is one of the most famous anomalous zones of Russia. It is a chain of undulating hills with a height 200-380 m on the border of the Volgograd and Saratov regions.
The most bizarre place on the bear is the so-called Bloody lair, where constantly observed ball lightning. At the point of intersection of their trajectories in the trees there are traces of burns. Continue reading