The first Cathedral, dedicated to Saint Martin in Utrecht was built in the VI century. Where exactly was located in the city’s Cathedral, is unknown, and he was quickly destroyed in the wars. Several buildings have succeeded each other before in the XII century began the construction of the present St. Martin’s Cathedral – the Duomo. Cathedral Domkerk (Domkerk) in Utrecht was, probably, quite majestic, if there was a full. But one tower (1382, height 110 m) very powerfully above the city flies, specifically rises and forms the image of the city.
Dome Cathedral of St. Martin in the city of Utrecht is one of the Gothic cathedrals of the Netherlands. First built choruses, and for those over 60 years – the famous tower. The tower became the symbol of the city.
To the top (465 steps) you can climb, to see 50 of the bells (the largest Carillon of Europe, made by Hemony in the XVII century, the largest bell was 9.8 tonnes and a diameter of 2.7 m), and the top in good weather and with binoculars to see one side of the roof of the Amsterdam Arena and the bell tower of ‘ s-Hertogenbosch! That is, Continue reading
I’m not an architect and don’t know many details, but in this article I will try to convey their impressions of Gothic architecture on the example of two cathedrals. It is with the Cathedral of St. Vitus and Stefan began my acquaintance with the Gothic.
Gothic replaced the classical (Roman) architecture. At first she was treated with disdain and where did the word Gothic (with Italian language Gotica translated as unusual or barbaric). But gradually this trend in architecture was gaining popularity. The oldest Gothic Church is the Notre Dame Cathedral (Notre Dame de Paris).
The main difference from Gothic classics is the use of the frame, where the entire structure is kept for special support, which, firstly, has ceased to be a part of the wall of the building, and secondly, are lighter than the massive columns of the Romanesque style. This design allowed us to increase the size of the building, especially in height. Continue reading
Ancient wonders of Baalbek — the legacy of biblical characters. Lebanese Arabs believe that their country is the history of the ancient city of Baalbek. The complex of temples at Baalbek were built and rebuilt over almost 2000 years, so it’s not only the history of Lebanon. Baalbek embodies the history of the Ancient world. Baalbek is considered so ancient that tradition is credited with its construction Cain, son of Adam. Cain found shelter here after because of envy killed his brother Abel and was cursed by fratricide by God Yahweh. According to another legend, Baalbek was built by Nimrod — one of the biblical kings, and in this matter he was helped by the giants.
Baalbek — a live embodiment of history. Baalbek is one and a half hour drive from the Lebanese capital. The first written mention of the city dates back to the XIV century BC when the Egyptian Pharaoh Akhenaten erected a temple of the Sun God. In Phoenician times the city served as a sanctuary where they worshipped the Supreme God Baal (hence the name Baalbek). In 332 BC Alexander the great conquered Phoenicia and Baalbek included in the composition of his powerful state. Continue reading