The Windows were inserted colored glass, depicting saints and scenes from sacred history, legends, emblems and patterns. Glasses these kind of mosaic, made of carved according to the requirements of the pattern pieces, connected together by lead strips.
The inside of Gothic churches in regard to the beauty and sublimity not inferior to their physical appearance. High space ships, visible one after the other, slender pilasters, patterned on triforia, huge Windows with curly weaves — it all makes a big impression. Lancet arc vast arches supported or not on a square massive pillars and pilasters of slender from the bundles of thin columns. Originally the pilasters were thick cylinders made of pieces of stone lying horizontally on each other; but then, for these pieces do not slide one with the other and better endured the pressure of the arches, as well as for beauty, invented to furnish pilasters with thin columns of stone monoliths, in the amount of eight: four, thicker and called “senior service columns” (alte Dienste) were placed crosswise around the pilasters; in the intervals between them were placed four more slim or “Junior service” column ( Junge Dienste). This new form of pillars connects the separate parts under the General column. The introduction of naturalistic interpreted ListView medieval ornamentation is one of the major innovations of Gothic style. Thus the imitation of nature, favoured grass and the kidneys. Continue reading
Mysterious giant stone structure discovered by scientists in the middle East. Thousands of characters similar to famous drawings in the Nazca desert in Peru, stretching from Syria to Saudi Arabia. To see them whole and to assess the extent only from the air.
Ancient structures of stones, called geoglyphs, were first discovered thanks to the latest satellite mapping technology in Jordan.
According to David Kennedy from the University of Western Australia, in Jordan more than in the whole valley of Nazca. “Besides, they cover a much larger area and, apparently, much older,” the scientist said, noting that these geoglyphs at least 2 thousand years.
All buildings have a common design in the form of a circle with spokes, so they are called “wheels”. However, in the parts of the circles having a diameter of from 24 to 70 m, noticeably different.
The wheels are composed of diamond-shaped structures, small stone pyramids and randomly distributed low walls. Some buildings stand alone and others are grouped. In addition, in Saudi Arabia researchers have found a pentagonal design, as well as “wheels” with only two “spokes”. Continue reading
The oldest stories on Earth tell us that humanity originated in one place and settled on the planet after happy lost his ancestral home. Different cultures call it differently: Hellenistic biblical Paradise or Eden. Modern scientists arguing about where was the first center of civilization, from stretched filaments of consanguinity linking the most remote peoples. Called Central Africa, and even Asia. To The Extreme North. However, in the main, researchers agree that the culture of antiquity is similar to the flames, as if blown by the wind to different parts of the Earth from one fire.
The main part of time in history every civilization has focused its attention on the development of certain areas of culture. So, the Romans created the most perfect law, which formed the basis of modern law. None of the administrative apparatus in the world could not compete with the extensive bureaucratic hierarchy of China. For a long time, astronomical calculations of the Maya had no equal among the peoples of the Old world. The nomadic tribes of the great steppe has created an outstanding movement system, allowing in the shortest possible time to throw masses of people and livestock over long distances. No civilization has tried to cover all areas of life at once. But it was not always so. Continue reading