Ancient fortresses around Kiev
We invite you to tour surrounding Kyiv fortresses – once a large and mighty cities, each of which is canonized in the history of Russia. Vyshgorod, Belogorodka (Belgorod) and cornflowers…

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Underground architectural construction in Russia: review and experience inventory
1. The inventory of artificial caves and underground architectural structures for the CIS and Baltic States (former USSR). Russian Society Spelestological Research (ROSI) is working on the Inventory of artificial…

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Gothic architecture

The Windows were inserted colored glass, depicting saints and scenes from sacred history, legends, emblems and patterns. Glasses these kind of mosaic, made of carved according to the requirements of the pattern pieces, connected together by lead strips.

The inside of Gothic churches in regard to the beauty and sublimity not inferior to their physical appearance. High space ships, visible one after the other, slender pilasters, patterned on triforia, huge Windows with curly weaves — it all makes a big impression. Lancet arc vast arches supported or not on a square massive pillars and pilasters of slender from the bundles of thin columns. Originally the pilasters were thick cylinders made of pieces of stone lying horizontally on each other; but then, for these pieces do not slide one with the other and better endured the pressure of the arches, as well as for beauty, invented to furnish pilasters with thin columns of stone monoliths, in the amount of eight: four, thicker and called “senior service columns” (alte Dienste) were placed crosswise around the pilasters; in the intervals between them were placed four more slim or “Junior service” column ( Junge Dienste). This new form of pillars connects the separate parts under the General column. The introduction of naturalistic interpreted ListView medieval ornamentation is one of the major innovations of Gothic style. Thus the imitation of nature, favoured grass and the kidneys. Continue reading

TOP 10 most famous cities of the Ancient world

After the collapse of the tribal relations, the population of the earth began to settle on completely different principle – territorial. Thus, the first towns began to be laid and constructed in the period of antiquity. Many of them survived to our times.

Cities with millennial history can surprise you much more than just beautiful architecture and unique artifacts. They are the fingerprints of previous eras and civilizations and they are a reflection of both positive and negative events of mankind. This city is full of amazing stories and legends and are the largest lures for experienced researchers. Let’s look at cities that are almost as old as the hills on which they were built.

1. Petra in Jordan

In the ancient city of Petra was the capital of the Hashemite state created by the Arab tribe. Find stone miracle in the desert near the resort of Aqaba.

To explore all its attractions will take about 4 hours, during which you will have to overcome the way in 10 km. The tour starts with the entrance of a narrow gorge, the output of which rest meets the building of the El-Khazneh. Continue reading

INDIA

India can be considered the third time a great civilization appeared on Earth (after Egypt and Mesopotamia ). But I immediately had to amend this statement, because in reality it is possible that it is the most ancient of civilizations, its study has just begun. As you probably already understood that civilization begin in the mouths of great rivers. In this case the Indus river (and the river luni, which is now lost in the Sands, and in those days formed a very powerful mouth and fell into the Indian ocean). And not only the Indus and the luni. This area is called Punjab – five rivers, once flowed here, three major rivers, from which there would be little.

By the way, the Indus was called actually Sindhu, but the Persians, from whom we learned about the existence of India, are unable to pronounce “with” in the beginning and started calling it “Hindu”. Greeks, taking the word from the Persians, and did cut it down to Indus. Continue reading

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