The Windows were inserted colored glass, depicting saints and scenes from sacred history, legends, emblems and patterns. Glasses these kind of mosaic, made of carved according to the requirements of the pattern pieces, connected together by lead strips.
The inside of Gothic churches in regard to the beauty and sublimity not inferior to their physical appearance. High space ships, visible one after the other, slender pilasters, patterned on triforia, huge Windows with curly weaves — it all makes a big impression. Lancet arc vast arches supported or not on a square massive pillars and pilasters of slender from the bundles of thin columns. Originally the pilasters were thick cylinders made of pieces of stone lying horizontally on each other; but then, for these pieces do not slide one with the other and better endured the pressure of the arches, as well as for beauty, invented to furnish pilasters with thin columns of stone monoliths, in the amount of eight: four, thicker and called “senior service columns” (alte Dienste) were placed crosswise around the pilasters; in the intervals between them were placed four more slim or “Junior service” column ( Junge Dienste). This new form of pillars connects the separate parts under the General column. The introduction of naturalistic interpreted ListView medieval ornamentation is one of the major innovations of Gothic style. Thus the imitation of nature, favoured grass and the kidneys. Continue reading
Mysterious giant stone structure discovered by scientists in the middle East. Thousands of characters similar to famous drawings in the Nazca desert in Peru, stretching from Syria to Saudi Arabia. To see them whole and to assess the extent only from the air.
Ancient structures of stones, called geoglyphs, were first discovered thanks to the latest satellite mapping technology in Jordan.
According to David Kennedy from the University of Western Australia, in Jordan more than in the whole valley of Nazca. “Besides, they cover a much larger area and, apparently, much older,” the scientist said, noting that these geoglyphs at least 2 thousand years.
All buildings have a common design in the form of a circle with spokes, so they are called “wheels”. However, in the parts of the circles having a diameter of from 24 to 70 m, noticeably different.
The wheels are composed of diamond-shaped structures, small stone pyramids and randomly distributed low walls. Some buildings stand alone and others are grouped. In addition, in Saudi Arabia researchers have found a pentagonal design, as well as “wheels” with only two “spokes”. Continue reading
The settlement of the territory of Belarus began 100 thousand years BC. One of the primitive campsites has been found in the village of Yurovichi of the Gomel region.
Polotsk was first mentioned in the ancient Slavonic chronicle the “Tale of bygone years” under the year 862. The city is located as a trading center of Slavic Krivichi traditionally for all ancient Slavic cities in the place where confluence of two rivers-sisters – the Western Dvina and the Polota river. The name comes from the name of the river Polota, which Baltic dialect means “ice, swamp, puddle”.
The first written mention of Pinsk in the Ipatiev chronicle refers to the year 1097. Until the middle of the XII century Pinsk was the city of Turov principalities, since the end of the same century – the center of independent Principality of Pinsk. In the beginning of XIV century the town is part of Grand Duchy of Lithuania. In 1521 the Great Prince on Sigismund I the Old gave the city his wife Queen bona. Continue reading
The oldest stories on Earth tell us that humanity originated in one place and settled on the planet after happy lost his ancestral home. Different cultures call it differently: Hellenistic biblical Paradise or Eden. Modern scientists arguing about where was the first center of civilization, from stretched filaments of consanguinity linking the most remote peoples. Called Central Africa, and even Asia. To The Extreme North. However, in the main, researchers agree that the culture of antiquity is similar to the flames, as if blown by the wind to different parts of the Earth from one fire.
The main part of time in history every civilization has focused its attention on the development of certain areas of culture. So, the Romans created the most perfect law, which formed the basis of modern law. None of the administrative apparatus in the world could not compete with the extensive bureaucratic hierarchy of China. For a long time, astronomical calculations of the Maya had no equal among the peoples of the Old world. The nomadic tribes of the great steppe has created an outstanding movement system, allowing in the shortest possible time to throw masses of people and livestock over long distances. No civilization has tried to cover all areas of life at once. But it was not always so. Continue reading
After the collapse of the tribal relations, the population of the earth began to settle on completely different principle – territorial. Thus, the first towns began to be laid and constructed in the period of antiquity. Many of them survived to our times.
Cities with millennial history can surprise you much more than just beautiful architecture and unique artifacts. They are the fingerprints of previous eras and civilizations and they are a reflection of both positive and negative events of mankind. This city is full of amazing stories and legends and are the largest lures for experienced researchers. Let’s look at cities that are almost as old as the hills on which they were built.
1. Petra in Jordan
In the ancient city of Petra was the capital of the Hashemite state created by the Arab tribe. Find stone miracle in the desert near the resort of Aqaba.
To explore all its attractions will take about 4 hours, during which you will have to overcome the way in 10 km. The tour starts with the entrance of a narrow gorge, the output of which rest meets the building of the El-Khazneh. Continue reading